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Author Guidelines

Editorial policy

International Journal of Analytical, Pharmaceutical and Biomedical sciences (IJAPBS) aims at being the pre-eminent journal with high quality articles relevant to all those interested in analytical, pharmaceutical and biomedical professionals.
International Journal of Analytical, Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences (IJAPBS) is a nonprofit, peer-reviewed, open access international online journal, monthly published.
It will publish innovative research papers, review articles, case reports and short communications dealing with Analytical, Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences. The journal will cover topics related to Analytical chemistry, Spectroscopy [UV-Vis, FTIR, NRIR, NMR, Mass, Raman], Chromatography [HPLC, GC, LCMS, GCMS], XRD, DSC, Electro chemistry, Electrophoresis [PAGE, SDS-PAGE], Electrochemistry Nanotechnology, Microscopy, Centrifugation, Biochips, Biosensors, Bioinformatics, Chemiinformatics, Biochemistry, Bioengineering, Biomedical Optics, Biotechnology, Clinical chemistry, Genetics, Medicine, Medicinal Chemistry, Molecular Biology, Natural Products, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, Pharmacogenomics, Pharmacy Practice, Natural Chemistry, iopharmaceutics, Bioanalytical Chemistry, Nuclear Pharmacy, Drug discovery, Novel drug delivery systems, Nanobiotechnology, QC/QA and Anlytical Research and development.
Anotomy, Advances in molecular biology, Nanomedicine, cellular biochemisty, biophysics, cell and tissue research microbiology, microbiology, virology, immunology, and parasitology, cell biology, histology, human physiolohy, pathology, pharmacology, toxicology, pathogenic and animal modls, cardiology, clinical epidemiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, gerontology, hematology, hepatology, immunology, nephrology, neuropathology, oncology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, obstetrics and gynecology, physiology and radiology, rheumatology, vascular biology, Emergency mediine, Public health, Sports medicine, Pediatrics, surgery, anaesthesia, respiratory and critical care medicine, osteoporosis, metabolism, genetics, neuropsychiatry, arteriosclerosis and thrombosis.

Electronic submission of manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided that the text, tables, and figures are included in a single Microsoft Word file (preferably in Times New Roman, 12 fonts with double space).

Submit manuscripts as e-mail attachment to the Editorial office at: submit.ijapbs@yahoo.com

A manuscript number will be mailed to the corresponding author same day or within four days.
The cover letter should indicate the corresponding author's full address and telephone/fax numbers and should be in an e-mail message sent to the Editor, with the file, whose name should begin with the first author's surname, as an attachment. The authors may also suggest two to four reviewers for the manuscript (IJAPBS may designate other reviewers).
Regular articles: These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly.
Short Communications: A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus. The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications are 2 to 5 printed pages (about 6 to 20 manuscript pages) in length.

Reviews: Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged. Reviews should be concise and no longer than 4-6 printed pages (about 12 to 18 manuscript pages).

TITLE PAGE
The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and E-mail information. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.

ABSTRACT
The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The Abstract should be 100 to 250 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.
Following the abstract, about 3 to 10 key words that will provide indexing references should be listed.

A list of non-standard Abbreviations should be added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used. Authors should use the solids presentation (mg/ml). Standard abbreviations (such as HPLC, GC, UV-Vis, ATP, cGMP, DNA and RNA) need not be defined.

INTRODUCTION
The Introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Materials and methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.

RESULTS

Results should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section.

DISCUSSION

The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.

CONCLUSION

The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.
Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text.

Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.

REFERENCES
Authors are responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference is complete and accurate. All references must be numbered consecutively and citations of references in text should be identified using numbers in square brackets (e.g.,“as discussed by John [8]”;“as discussed elsewhere [8, 9]”). All references should be cited within the text; otherwise, these references will be automatically removed.

SHORT COMMUNICATIONS
Short Communications are limited to a maximum of two figures and one table. They should present a complete study that is more limited in scope than is found in full-length papers. The items of manuscript preparation listed above apply to Short Communications with the following differences: (I) Abstracts are limited to 120 words; (II) instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes; (III) Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.

Proofs and Reprints: Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Because IJAPBS will be published freely online to attract a wide audience), authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in both HTML and PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.

Copyright: Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.

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Peer review process

Step-1: Manuscript received from author  
Step-2: The editor determines whether the article is suffiecient quality and appropriate content.
Step-3: He will either reject or accept it, if he accepts will assign the manuscript number in order, then forward to the suitable reviewer along with manuscript evaluation form and reviewer guidelines.
Step-4: The Reviewer should following
  • Originality and Quality of the work
  • Experimental design
  • Appropriateness of the statistical analyses
  • Adherence to correct scientific nomenclature
  • Appropriate literature citations
  • Adequacy of experimental techniques
  • Soundness of conclusions and interpretation
  • Significance of discussion
  • Adherence to the Instructions to Authors
  • Adequacy of title and abstract
  • Correct figures/images and tables
  • Plagiarism, Missing or incomplete attestation 
  • Conflicts of interest

Step-5: The article is returned to the editor along with an evaluation form.
Step-6:  The article is returned to the author along with reviewer’s feedback, the author have to revise the article and resubmit it.
Step-7: The editor receives the revised article and take the final decision to publish or not, taking into consideration the reviewer’s feedback.

Final proofreading. 
Before publication, all manuscripts will be copyedited for style, grammar, and content; the author will review such editing of the manuscript in page proofs. Authors are responsible for verification of references against original sources.

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Paper editing is the process of selecting and preparing written documents which is used to convey information through the processes of correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications performed with an intention of producing a correct, consistent, accurate, and complete work.
Editing may include the correction of grammatical mistakes, misspellings, mistyping, incorrect punctuation, inconsistencies in usages, poorly structured sentences, wrong scientific terms and dimensions and correcting errors in citations. Following are some of the useful editing tools available in web, which the authors may make use of while submitting the articles.

  1. www.grammarly.com
  2. www.proofhub.com/mini
  3. www.paperrater.com
  4. www.afterthedeadline.com
  5. www.polishmywriting.com
  6. www.spellchecker.net/spellcheck
  7. www.paperrater.com

Plagiarism detection

Use full sites
  1. http://www.ithenticate.com/
  2. www.searchenginereports.net/articlecheck.aspx
  3. www.articlechecker.com/
  4. www.plagtracker.com/upload/#

Animal studies. 
Manuscripts that describe results of vertebrate animal research must include a statement that the research was prospectively reviewed and approved by a duly constituted animal care and use committee.

Ethical compliance 
If applicable, the editorial office should receive assurance that work performed on human subjects complies with standards established by an appropriate ethics review committee (ICMR in India) and the granting agency. If the manuscript includes data or description of humans, the authors must provide either of these two assurances: (1) a statement in the manuscript that the research was prospectively reviewed and approved by a duly constituted ethics committee or (2) a statement in the cover letter to the editor that the manuscript is a retrospective case report that does not require ethics committee approval at that institution. Any other situations not covered by these two scenarios should be discussed with the editorial staff.

Ethics for Editors
IJAPBS Editors must maintain their editorial independence and work to ensure that Authors have editorial freedom. Responsibility for acceptance or rejection of manuscripts rests with the Editors. Doing so normally entails advice from Reviewers; however, manuscripts that Editors deem clearly inappropriate may be rejected without such review.
Submitting an appeal
Peer review by editors and external reviewers is usually based on a mix of evidence and opinion and may not always lead to the best decision. We welcome serious appeals, and many succeed.
Conflict of Interest Disclosure
IJAPBS requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, which might be perceived as influencing an author’s objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or indirectly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include but are not limited to patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker’s fees from a company. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal.
If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and to collectively list in the cover letter to the Editor-in-Chief, in the manuscript (under the Acknowledgments section), and in the online submission system ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships.

Cover Letter


All submissions should be accompanied by a cover letter that includes a brief overview of the manuscript and the corresponding and contacting author contact information including full name, e-mail address, phone number, and mailing address (corresponding author and contacting author). It should also specify the number of display items (figures and tables), the number of attachments (manuscript, figures, Supplementary Information if any), and their formats.

It must include a statement indicating that the article has not been published in another publication and is not being submitted simultaneously to another journal.

See in Submit manuscript for model

Units of Measurement


Units of measurement should be presented simply and concisely using System International (SI) units.

Title and Authorship information
The following information should be included

  • Paper title
  • Full author names
  • Full institutional mailing addresses
  • Phone and Fax numbers
Publication Charges

Every article/manuscript will be charged a nominal cost for his full paper. (Cost towards processing, maintenance of paper in secured data storage system for long time, databases; to meet various overhead expenses like employees charges etc).
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Current Issue
Volume-5, Issue-8, August- 2016
 
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